2013 Canada-US Comparative Climate Opinion Survey
Author: Erick Lachepelle, Christopher Borick, Barry G. Rabe
Release Date: March 3 2014
This report summarizes results from national level surveys on public attitudes toward climate change administered in Canada and the US in Fall 2013, interactive maps for which can be viewed at www.canada2020backup.see-design.com/climatepoll.
Since 2008, the National Surveys on Energy and Environment (formally the National Survey of American Public Opinion on Climate Change) has examined the perceptions and preferences of residents of the United States regarding their views on the existence of climate change and potential policy approaches to address the issue. In 2011, a simultaneous survey was fielded in Canada, providing some comparative perspective on attitudes in the US (Lachapelle, Borick and Rabe, 2012).
In 2013, the Fall 2013 fielding of the National Survey on Energy and Environment (NSEE) was accompanied by a second Canadian wave, supported by the Université de Montréal and Canada 2020.
Results from these surveys allow for direct comparisons between the views of the American and Canadian publics on matters pertaining to climate change and its mitigation, providing insight into one of the factors affecting trends in both emissions and policy trajectories. In what follows, we highlight key findings emerging from the most recent 2013 wave of our comparative project. Where appropriate, some tables draw on findings from previous waves to illustrate the change in Canadian and American public opinion regarding climate matters.
- Most Canadians and Americans agree that global temperatures have increased in recent decades, although Canadians are more likely to agree with this view than Americans.
- Despite their perceptions of rising global temperatures, however, a substantial number of Canadians and Americans continue to question the extent of a human role.
- Climate change is not a major concern for most Canadians and Americans, despite the warnings of climate science.
- Strong majorities in both countries support their respective federal governments signing onto an international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, even ahead of such developing countries as China.
- Canadians are roughly twice as likely as Americans to support a carbon tax, although they remain evenly split on this approach to pricing carbon.
- Canadians are equally divided on cap-and-trade, though they are more likely to support this policy than are Americans.
- Support for renewable portfolio standards (RPS) is relatively high in both countries, though support drops off in the US when a clear price signal is attached to this policy.
- Americans are more than twice as likely as Canadians to indicate that they are willing to pay nothing for the production of more renewable energy, while Canadians are more likely to indicate that they are willing to pay more.
Opinion: Un geste significatif
En annonçant hier un plan de lutte sérieux contre les changements climatiques, le président américain Obama a posé l’un des gestes les plus significatifs de sa présidence. L’objectif annoncé par l’Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) de réduire de 30% d’ici 2030 les émissions de carbone par rapport à celles de 2005 représente le plus grand effort jamais entrepris par le gouvernement américain de s’attaquer aux changements climatiques. Si le plan est mis en oeuvre, cela impliquera une réduction de 500 millions de tonnes métriques de carbone annuellement.
Speech: Brian Mulroney on “The Next Big Thing” for Canada
On April 8th, 2014, Canada 2020 invited the Right Honourable Brian Mulroney, Canada’s 18th Prime Minister, to answer the question: “What is the next big thing for Canada?” His speech focused on the importance of natural resource development, and stressed the importance of bold leadership that places national interest ahead of electoral success – something Mr. Mulroney knows quite a bit about. Click here to read his address, as well as stream video of the speech.
Research: How Canadians (vs. Americans) feel about climate change
Researchers from Canada and the United States have partnered with Canada 2020 to publish their key findings from the Canada-US Comparative Climate Survey, conducted in the fall of 2013. This report delves deeper into the data, analyzing key trends and preferences across a variety of indicators including region, partisan divide, and others. For interactive maps and other data, visit www.canada2020backup.see-design.com/climatepoll